According to the American Diabetes Association, 1.7 million new cases of diabetes were diagnosed in U.S. adults during 2012. Even if you aren’t one of the millions of people who are diagnosed with diabetes each year, you’re probably aware that there are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational. But how much do you really know about each one? Here, we break down the real differences between type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes

  • Five to 10 percent of diabetics have type 1 diabetes.
  • Usually occurs during childhood or early adulthood
  • With type 1 diabetes, the pancreas produces little to no insulin.
  • Cannot be prevented
  • Testing your blood sugar multiple times daily is necessary to avoid extremely high or low blood sugar levels.
  • Taking insulin, whether it’s through injections or an insulin pump, is usually enough to control type 1 diabetes.
  • Symptoms may include rapid breathing, dry skin and mouth, excessive thirst, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, fatigue, frequent urination, and blurry vision.

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