WHAT IS PROSTATE CANCER?
Prostate cancer starts in the cells of the prostate gland. The prostate is a sex gland in men that sits just below the bladder. It’s about the size of a walnut. It wraps around the tube called the urethra, which carries urine out of the bladder to exit the body. Prostate Cancer is the uncontrollable and excessive growth of cells in the gland.
WHO IS AT RISK FOR PROSTATE CANCER?
Nearly 2 of every 3 prostate cancers are found in men 65 and older. As a man gets older, his chance of getting prostate cancer increases. African-American men are also more than twice as likely to die of prostate cancer as white men. But in recent years, death rates have gone down faster in African-American men than in white men. Older Black men whose father or a brother has been diagnosed are at greatest risk.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF PROSTATE CANCER?
Early prostate cancer usually causes no symptoms. Men who have prostate cancer can be symptom-free for years. But as it grows, prostate cancer can cause some symptoms. Men should see a health care provider if they:
- Have to urinate often, especially at night
- Have trouble starting or stopping urine flow
- Have a weak or slow urine flow
- Have blood in the urine or semen
- Feel frequent pain or stiffness in the lower back, hips, or ribs
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